The footwear for orthopedics can be broken down into two major categories. These are functional and accommodating orthopaedic shoes. Functional footwear is designed to help provide support for foot biomechanics that are abnormal. Accommodative footwear in turn are used to help relieve pain and to help provide support for some minor foot problems.
But what are some of the conditions that these orthopaedic shoes can be used to treat? There are quite a few and specific items are required for treating some of the conditions.
For example, a cushioned heel is a rubber wedge that goes in the heel of a shoe to help absorb some of the impact when walking. This reduces the movement of the knee to help promote healing and to reduce the occurrence of pain. In turn, a wedge is used to prevent sliding of the ankle and the unnatural inversion or eversion of the heel when walking.
Extended heels are used to treat the medial longitudinal arch to help provide it necessary support while a heel elevation can be used to help add a quarter inch or more to the legs, when they are not the same length.
Orthopaedic shoes can be used to help treat painful ulcers in the foot with a rocket bar to prevent discomfort they cause, while a steel bar can be used to help to reduce the forefoot motion so the foot has the ability to heal. Metatarsal pads are then used to help redistribute uneven amounts of pressure to reduce the impact it has on conditions of the foot.
Other conditions of the foot that can be treated with orthopedics include:
- Abnormal foot biometrics
- Cerebral Palsy
- Chronic pain
- Congenital hip dislocation
- Flat feet
- Foot drop
- Gait abnormalities
- Shin splints
- Varus deviation
- Valgus deviation
- Weak knee joint
If you suffer from any of these conditions, or you find that there is some degree of discomfort while walking, it will be a good idea to talk to a podiatrist or other foot specialist. They can inspect your feet and help to determine the best form of treatment for you. In most cases, if you ignore the problem, it will only worsen over time and the corrective steps that may be necessary could become surgery or more, when orthopedics could have corrected the condition early on.